Arthritis basically means joint pain. Arthritis can affect any part of the body. Therefore, it can affect one or many joints simultaneously. More importantly there are over a hundred different types of arthritis, each with their own causes and treatment. Two types of arthritis stand out in the field of medicine – they are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
Symptoms of arthritis develop over time, but sometimes, they may (appearing suddenly). Arthritis is common among the elderly, while it can also develop in younger adults, teens, and children. The conditions is also more prevalent in women than in men and in overweight people.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
The major symptoms of arthritis are swelling, stiffness, and pains in the joints. There may also be a decrease in the range of motion of the patient. There will be redness of the skin around the joint. For instance the symptoms of arthritis are usually worse in the mornings.
In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, the patient may feel tired or lose their appetite. The arthritic patient may also become anemic or have a fever. Severe rheumatoid arthritis can cause the joint to be deformed if left untreated .
WHAT CAUSES ARTHRITIS?
The cartilage is a connective tissue in the joints. It is quite flexible and protects the joints by acting as a shock absorber. Similarly movement of the joints creates the shock and pressure in the joints. Thinning of the cartilage or a reduction in the normal amount therefore contributes to the onset of arthritis .
Osteoarthritis is caused by the normal wear and tear of the cartilage. Injury or infection of the joints can accelerate the natural breakdown of cartilage. Genetics also plays a role in its occurrence. The risk is higher in people whose family has a history of the condition.
Rheumatoid arthritis is the second most common form of arthritis. It is an autoimmune disorder. Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when your immune system fights your body tissues. The synovium is one of the tissues affected by this autoimmune attack .
THERAPY FOR ARTHRITIS
First the therapist can educate the arthritis patient on how to minimize stress & strain on the joints while going about their daily activities. The therapist shows the arthritic patient how to modify their workplace and home environment to reduce motions that may aggravate the condition .
Finally, the therapist will also recommend (and provide) splints for the wrists and hands. While also recommending
devices that may assist in daily tasks such as bathing, driving, housekeeping, etc.
If you are an arthritis patient, you will benefit greatly from a therapy program. Some of these benefits include:
- You will be educated on the basics of arthritis. This keeps you well-informed.
- You will receive advice on foot-care.
- You will be shown therapeutic methods that will relieve discomfort and boost performance through some activity modifications and physical techniques.